The Delmarva Adena Complex
(circa 2500-1800 years before present) is somewhat of an enigma.
Several archaeological sites have been found within the coastal plain of
Maryland and Delaware which have produced amazing stone artifacts.
Most of the stone artifacts found at these few sites were not manufactured
locally. These "exotic" stone artifacts were
manufactured by the Adena Culture within the Ohio Valley. The Ohio
Valley is over 500 miles from the Delmarva coastal plain Adena sites.
Equally interesting, the artifact
assemblages associated with the Delmarva Adena sites are truly impressive.
In some cases, the assemblages found at the Delmarva sites far exceed the
assemblages found at sites in the Ohio Valley Adena heartland.
In 1957 at the annual meeting
of the Eastern States Archaeological Federation, the public and professional
archeological community with have a chance to examine most of the
assemblages associated with the Delmarva Adena Complexes. For 43
years, these assemblages have been virtually inaccessible and hidden from
view. The only visual record of some of Delmarva's spectacular Adena
Assemblages is in an obscure article entitled "Adena Sites on the Chesapeake
Bay" by Latimer Ford. Ford's article was published in 1976 within
volume 4 of "Archaeology of Eastern North America". Even though Ford's
article is an amazing contribution to regional Maryland archaeology, the
photographs associated with the article did not do justice to the reality
of the artifact assemblages. The poster
published by Middle Atlantic Archaeological Design attempts to bring a
small portion of these assemblages into public view. The high resolution
images are actual size, and in color.
Unfortunately, the sites
which produced these artifacts have been destroyed
or greatly altered by natural and man-made processes. The Sandy
Hill site (18 Do 30) in Dorchester
County, Maryland was destroyed by sand mining and the site is presently
developed. The sand mining operations at Sandy
Hill revealed most of the artifacts
presented in the poster The Frederica
site (7K-F-2) in Kent County, Delaware was also destroyed as a result of
sand removal operations. The artifacts from the Frederica
site were salvaged as the site was being graded and leveled. The
Point site (18 Ta 233) in Talbot
County, Maryland was destroyed as a result of shoreline erosion.
The artifacts from the Maiden Point
site were salvaged along the beach as the shoreline eroded. The artifact
associated with the
site (18 Ca 181) is one of several large blades that were discovered as
a result of shoreline erosion. The artifacts associated with the
Farm site (18 Ta 347), the Martingham
site (18 Ta 115), and the Benoni Point
site (18 Ta 345) were also discovered as a result of shoreline erosion.
Clearly, these locations had significant archaeological components.
But, unfortunately these archaeological sites are no longer intact or preserved.
The artifacts presented in the poster are associated with Delmarva's rapidly
vanishing prehistoric archaeological record. Only the stone tools
found during the destruction of these archaeological sites attest to some
of the ample prehistoric past associated with the Delmarva region.
As in the past, the Delmarva peninsula currently maintains a rich Native